Excellent event! The format of short presentations and no need to decide which good speaker to miss in a break-out session was perfect. Each speaker has something “practical and tactical” to share beside deep fundamental thoughts. Hopefully, this format will become more popular in other events.
All available conference slides can be found on SlideShare.
Credit Karma entered marketplace when the idea of paying #30 for a credit check was a common practice. The company decided that providing the credit information for free would generate eye balls, and the business model can be discovered later.
- Concentrated on creation of a fantastic product (small team – product focused). Currently the product is used by about 40,000,000 people
- Company had just 6 people during first 2.5 years; now about 400 employees
First, we need to prove it works, and then, we need to prove it works at scale
- Off-line marketing worked the best; for consumer products that are ubiquitous off-line marketing is an excellent option
- Superball ad on the topic shown by a major bank generated traffic to Credit Karma
- Company tried partnerships, and discovered they did not work as well as expected: “take a projected number of partnerships and divide it y 50…”
- An “Aha moment” – company had significant repeat traffic.
How to convert a user from a free to paid model:
- Usage based (pay for more use)
- User based (pay for added users)
- Feature based (pay for additional features) – most difficult, but the only method that does not limit virability of the product
As viral spread is important for Survey Monkey, all features that hurt this opportunity reserved for premium packages (white label, etc.).
Survey Monkey constantly A/B tests.
Metrics are very important. At the early stages of the company’s growth a person was hired to publish business metrics for the entire company. Survey Monkey currently has meetings open for the entire company where metrics are presented and discussed.
Which metrics are vital, and which metrics are “noise?” Any metric important for the specific business can be beneficial, the danger is “too many metrics.”
When Selina Tobaccowala joined SurveyMonkey, 85% of its business was done in English. It was solidly a domestic company making slow inroads overseas. A little over five years later, they are supporting 17 different languages and 28 currencies. Currently, the domestic market is 55% of their business, but they’re aiming for it to be just 25% of their business.
At the start of 2013, nine out of the top 10 internet properties in the world were based in the U.S. (think Google, Facebook, etc.), but 79% of their users were international.
A year later, only 6 of the top 10 were in the U.S. and 86% of their users were not.
The company has 150 different variations of its pricing page to support various languages, currencies and product packages.
In Asia, traffic to SurveyMonkey is 75% mobile at this point.
Mobile does not convert as well as desktop. Expect 50% conversion rate; though it varies in different regions (higher mobile conversion rate in Europe).
Churn is the most important metric for SurveyMonkey (as it is easier to retain a customer than to acquire one). Survey Monkey discovered that engagement decline precedes churn – good time to send a note to the customer. Retargeting churned customers on Facebook generated results.
When to survey?
Survey after a specific action – the person is more likely to take another action immediately after a previous one.
- After purchase: what features drove the customer to purchase? Use this features on the pricing page for similar people. Response rate of this type of the survey about 20%-30%
- After cancellation: why cancelled?
- Going to a competitor – watch!
- No reasons to use the product – give reasons
- Can not pay by using current payment method – offer more payment methods
70% of users are outside of US.
Evernote has a very passionate user base, which wants to bring the product to their companies. Evernote objective is to help these users:
- Market to IT, so they are aware about the product when employees start talking about it
- Market to users – explain how to approach their company’s IT, and what IT would want
What to do to go global?
- Follow the data and let data lead you (Evernote was adopted in Japan before the company even considered any localization for this market – something in the product appealed to Japanese users)
- Need to start from day 1 by building a global product
Android or iOS? Android is huge! Android helped to propel company to international expansion.
Evernote challenge – the product can be used for everything. The company had to focus and give examples for specific use cases.
Mistakes in International markets that companies make:
- Don’t take one model and move it around the world
- Be as local as possible in international expansion
Everybody in the Bay Area knows Slack, not not necessarily outside of it… Slack brings several applications together and, based on surveys, reduces email volume and meetings. It also reduces the number of tools used.
WOM for slack is very good
- Trying to add methodical approach
- Sales are to “help through the buying process”
Slack has about 250 people and 1.25 million users. Customer support is the largest team. (This was surprising for me as Slack supposed to be simple…)
Most important metric for the company is NPS (Net Promoter Score).
Slack’s team concentrates on making other tools work better with Slack.
“External email will live forever, but email inside the company may not survive..”
“Growth Hacking” is not a favorite term… Popular “growth hacking” stories worked at specific situations and generally anekdots, rather than strategies to follow.
Biggest mistake a company can make is try to grown a bad product: if you tell everybody about a bad product, everybody will know about it. How do you know that you have a good product? Retention.
How to improve retention:
- get feedback, understand what works
- find a segment of users for whom the product works
- get users to experience the core value (Aha moments). LinkedIn core value is growing network.
The business needs to define one core metric
- aligned with your business
- aligned with user’s value
Example: YouTube metric “Watching # of videos” made sense for the company, but not for the users, as users might have tried several videos they did not like and stopped after a few seconds. YouTube improved metric “Minutes watched” includes customer value.
Targets of different teams should be summed up to this business metric.
Growth requires continuous prioritization and feedback.
Growth team at LinkedIn is over 100 people now.
Rapid experiments help growth (assuming the company had a good product). However, from the outside of the company these changes are not visible.
Generate as many ideas for the experimentation as possible, prioritize, and establish the testing cadence. Important: share the results of experiments with all. If the team does not have access to learning, they can not come up with better ideas.
- speed is competitive advantage
- disciplined speed is a competitive advantage
- you are not in the business of testing, you are in the business of learning
Only data-driven people will be put in charge of brands in the future.
Companies align themselves with something “more.”
- Slack – be less busy
- Facebook – give people the power to share
The world wants more of those. Companies need to invest in “unscalable moments of delight.”
Interesting example: Betabrand – a company, which crowdsources all clothing designs and does not use professional models – only real people.
CMO+CIO = Modern Customer Experience
CMO+CIO – Partner or Perish. If you are not tech-savvy marketer, marry a technologist.
Interesting example of a tech product – Sproutling – a new type of baby monitor.
Email is fundamental for the company. Interesting, the company does not use any popular marketing automation system available on the market.
Engagement program: airbnb to guests. Before the program started the company was silent between booking windows (what might happen once a year only).
- Scope the opportunity (does it make sense doing)?
- Pick a metric – watch this metric
- Run tests to prove you can move the metric
Opportunity example: first time bookers.
It is possible to move faster if scale globally first, then optimize the program. Scaling allows to gather more data for optimization.
The company defined its own “Quality Score” for the email – a function of positive activity and negative activity (unsubscribe).
Results of some fo experimentation: sending emails two weeks after the action was not as effective as sending emails immediately after the action.
Measurement: 90% get email, 10% do not. Is there difference in booking by the end of the year?
Anecdote from the conference: an email to the event registrants with the subject line “Are we meeting this Thursday?” was opened 100% (the event was Thursday, and the email was sent Wednesday).
Optimization is a compound interest for growth.
Conversion optimization is a process rather than a collection of tactics.
Don’t copy your competitors, they don’t know what they are doing. 🙂
If you can not describe what you are doing as a process, you don’t know what you are doing.
- discover what matters for your users, and prioritize
- we do not need more data – we need better data
Not “data driven” – “people driven,” as people are interpreting the data.
If you torture data long enough, it will confess to anything
- Insight: people are concerned about security
- Solutions: many! You can test what would work
How to Come Up with More Winning Tests Using Data – article describing the approach.
Very insightful presentation, suggesting to spend more efforts on monetization… and highlighting that most of our attention is typically spent to acquisition.
However, the efforts spent on Monetization are more effective…
Companies do not pay enough attention to pricing. Typical SaaS company spends 8 hours on pricing (I am assuming per year).
Recommendation: evaluate pricing every 3 months, and change every 6 months.
Price Intelligently blog has more insight and recommendations.
It is easier to get an active user to do more than to get an inactive user to do anything.
- Beneficial to resend emails to those who clicked, but did not complete the action (rather than resending to all)
- If the person did something once, ask for the same action again immediately (if business includes this type of activity). Example: LinkedIn asks users to endorse others. After they do, LinkedIn asks for more endorsements immediately. People are willing to continue endorsing for some time.
Interesting approach to business: start with academia > students will become familiar > students will bring the tool into companies where they will work.
Business took off during the economic downturn. Currently, the product is used by 8,000 brands (including Healthcare.gov), and has 1000 employees worldwide.
During the economic downturn everybody retreated, and Qualtrics was hiring and expanding.
SalesForce believes that the largest mistake was not to invest during the downturn of 08-09.
Innovation is critical:
The model that got you here won’t get you to the next stage. You need to be comfortable with changing the model to grow.
Enterprise buying is changing: Marketing can buy a tool independently… Sales can by the same tool independently… Purchasing can buy the same tool… functional heads often make their own buying decision.
We are comfortable when one department is trying the product. They will spread it around.
Advice for startups targeting enterprise: think about a price… and ask for twice that much.
How to get customers who stay?
- watch your signup funnel
- focus on user quality, not quantity
- ask for referrals (Mixpanel gives extra credits to companies who put a Mixpanel badge on the site). Even in referrals, quality matters. A company (venmo) asked to refer just two friends, rather than “all friends” – as a result, the referrals were targeted to friends who would be more likely to become customers.
- A/B test your message
- Don’t waste valuable marketing real estate. If you are afraid to experiment on the web site, experiment on the email.
Communications are based on activity:
- Users who use Shazam 10 times a day love frequent notifications.
- Users who use Shazam once a month would be annoid by this type of communications.
“Start with Why” – this book – and a concept – was mentioned during the presentation.
Some of the speedbumps the company can avoid in building its culture:
- Communication (over-communicate – over-share, and listen…)
- Alignment (what is the most important objective? )
EventBright perceives company culture similar to Maslov’s Pyramid of Needs. Where on the bottom are basic needs (salaries, etc.), next “connectedness” the company provides to the individuals, and then the “why” the company’s business matter.
For EventBright the “Why” is “Bringing the world together through live experiences.”
(Interesting: SendGrid prominently places educational materials on the home page – below the fold. The site visitor has a call to action to follow beside anything related to the product.)
SendGrid is sending as many emails per day as Twitter sends Tweets.
- Product/Buyer fit (target audience were developers, who did not want to bother with everything related to the email process; it was a specific problem and a specific buyer – similarly SalesForce started with sales reps a the buyer)
- Truly listen to your customers (customers wanted services… company invested into service; now support and customer service are the largest groups)
- Build a team (unique and differentiated culture: there are people who would not like your culture; the culture should be unique, and having people who do not like the culture is completely normal)
- Hiring is a privilege: do not loose sight on who is making hiring decisions – not everybody should, per SendGrid
- Don’t get burned by the cash burn: plan for business cycle change
The company found a “hole” in the market for employee information – too many tools and needs to handle employment process. “We wanted to make employment hassle-free for companies.” Zenefits is one system to manage, the rest of the systems are connected to it.
This approach could threaten many existing markets.
Currently company has 1,600 employees. How the company accommodated growth: “we hired great recruiters.”
recruiters are unknown heroes of Silicon Valley – they redistribute the talent
International growth depends on the countries. In the US, the best margin for the companies with less than 25 employees, because nobody else targets them. In Canada, the companies to target are less than 100 employees.
Fantastic event! The main themes were:
- Start with “Why”
- Listen to customers; pay attention to data
- Process over tactics